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(6)Interview>Nazib Wadood with Bangla Literature (part 3)
Bangla Literature : How much role should a story-writer play in building faith and conscience or in reforming society? Nazib Wadood : Faith and ideology, that might be religions like Islam or political theories like socialism, obviously influence a writer and affect his writing. But a real writer doesn’t write short story for the sake of his faith or ideology, though his faith and ideology remain mixed and integrated with the parts and parcels of the story. However, as a story reflects life and social conditions of a specific community of a specific time and explains and criticizes these life and conditions, there must be some kind of reflection of opinions of the writer in it. This creates thoughtfulness, enlightenment and conscience about life and world in reader’s mind that might inspire him to work for a movement. This is an indirect influence. Bangla Literature : Then what can society expect from those who are out to write story without story or abstract essay-story? Nazib Wadood : Firstly, I think society shouldn’t expect cash profit from a story-writer or his writings. Secondly, story without story seems to me absurd like a stone-cup of gold. I think literature should have some kinds of entertainment value. It shouldn’t be aimed at only for writers of the same category and researchers. Readers wouldn’t receive anything which is devoid of minimum amount of entertainment. That doesn’t, however, mean that entertainment would be the prime factor. Bangla Literature : Main problem of these writers is that a reader cannot understand what the writer wants to tell, what life and society he wants to tell about... Nazib Wadood : That is their big failure. In a story, time, geographical position (setting), religion or philosophy of life of a character or community should be, at least as hints, developed. It isn’t a writer’s duty to raise a wall before the readers. Bangla Literature : I guess that language of your short stories is quite different from that of your novels. Your language in the stories is very concrete, rich with imagery and simile and allusion. On the other hand, we see clear, playful and straightforward language in your novels… Nazib Wadood : Isn’t it desirable? Short story deserves to be concrete and allusive like poetry. Novels give opportunity to work in various ways. Bangla Literature : What do you think about use of prose, syntax, and especially verbs in your fictions? Nazib Wadood : I don’t think much about it. After writing a good length, I read and review it like a common reader whether my narration has been clear, smooth and contextual. Narration and syntax is built up according to the subject matter, time, setting and socio- economic position of the characters. Use of verbs depends mainly on time and relation of the writer with the story and its characters. Bangla Literature : How do you judge the necessity of direct experience in writing? Nazib Wadood : It is very valuable, but it can’t be said that writing isn’t possible without direct experience. Bangla Literature : How much importance do you give to your experiences in collecting ingredients for writing? Nazib Wadood : Enough. Experience helps in building the frame-work, but to develop it to literature or art the writer is to improve it to a specific form and put many other colors on it. Bangla Literature : Then is it true that each experience of the writer is useful in the sense that it might be necessary any time? Nazib Wadood : Right. Any experience can work any time. When and which one you can’t say earlier. Bangla Literature : In your consideration, what is a short story, actually? Nazib Wadood : None can answer this type of question straightforward. What I understand is that a short story is a picture of a fragment of life. It is shorter in length moving in one direction compared to a novel. But all these might not create a short story. Many other beauty and credits it needs to be a short story. Bangla Literature : How is a short story developed? Will you explain? Nazib Wadood : This has already been said while answering the previous question. When all the ingredients, beauty and merits are put in place, then a story emerges as a piece of art, i.e. literature. How a writer will make it possible cannot be imagined by another writer. Sometimes it also happens that the writer himself can’t imagine before it is written. It has no fixed format or model. Bangla Literature : What is the position of short story in our literature? Nazib Wadood : I think it is next to poetry if we give the latter the first position. Actually, till now, beginning from Rabindranath Tagore, a huge number of good short stories have been written in Bangla. Bangla Literature : You have written some essays and short stories on Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). It is very much usual that one will write essays on him, but short story? How did the thought come in your mind? Nazib Wadood : You know, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) is the greatest man of all the time. He is also the most successful human being. And we are to follow him as a prophet. So, I have plans to do works on his life and contributions. Those essays and stories are parts of that plan. There are huge number of good articles, researches, essays, poems and books on him. I haven’t much knowledge to add anything to these. But I think I could write some important and significant incidents and aspects of his life and credits in the form of short story to present them in a new and interesting form. I have written two stories only so far as a part of practice and these have been warmly received by the readers and critics. I have plans to do more. Bangla Literature : Many writers and intellectuals of our country consider Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) as merely a preacher of Islam. What is your opinion, as a creative writer, in this regard? Nazib Wadood : If you look as a religious man, you shall obviously consider him as a prophet whom you are bound to follow. But if you see him as a neutral common man and consider him too just a human being like you, then you can’t but acknowledge that Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) is the greatest savior of humanity. So, as a creative writer, you have many things to do with his life and works. But you know there are difficulties in writing on him. The problem lies in the realities that one (religious) group is unable to see the matters beyond religious emotion and another (secular and atheist) group unreasonably tries to band the attempt as ‘fundamentalist’, reactionary’ and ‘backwardness’. So a creative writer fears to write on him.
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